covid-19

covid-19 case study

Typical symptoms of COVID-19

Updated 23rd March
* Number will most likely continue to change until all infected persons recover.

COVID-19 के लक्षण भी आम सरदर्द, बुखार और खाँसी  ही है लेकिन अगर ये SYMPTOMS  आप में है तो इसका मतलब आप COVID-19 से पीड़ित हो ये जरुरी नहीं है ये SESSIONAL या आम बुखार-खाँसी  भी हो सकता है.

तो सवाल ये उठता है की हम इसमें अंतर कैसे समझे की ये SESSIONAL है या COVID-19. इस अंतर को समझने के लिए आप को खुद से कुछ सवाल पूछने चाहिए जो निम्न हैं :

  • क्या आप किसी बाहरी व्यक्ति के संपर्क में रहें है ‘ 
  • क्या कोई बाहरी व्यक्ति आप के आस पास आया है जिसमें ये SYMPTOMS हो 
  • क्या आप बाहर से आये हैं  जहाँ लोग COVID-19 से पीड़ित रहें हैं 
  • क्या आप अक्सर बाहरी व्यक्तियों के सम्पर्क में रहते हैं 

अगर उपर्युक्त सवालों के अधिकांश जवाब “हाँ”(YES ) है तो आप को COVID-19 का एक बार जाँच जरूर करना चाहिए।  अगर सभी प्रश्नों के जवाब “ना”(NO) है तो आप को ज्यादा घबड़ाने की कोई चिंता नहीं है आप आराम से कोई Family डॉक्टर या किसी जनरल फिजिशियन से दिखा सकते है अगर आप ज्यादा ही परेशान है तो।  

COVID-19 के विशिष्ट लक्षण

 
 

आप ये भी देख सकते हैं 

Bed Capacity In European Countries

What about indian bed capacity

1 isolation bed per 84,000 people, 1 quarantine bed per 36,000: Govt data

केंद्रीय स्वास्थ्य मंत्रालय द्वारा एकत्र आंकड़ों के अनुसार, 17 मार्च तक 84,000 भारतीयों में one isolation bed और 36,000 भारतीयों में one quarantine bed है। कोरोनोवायरस प्रकोप के मद्देनजर एकत्र किए गए आंकड़ों में कहा गया है कि प्रति 11,600 भारतीयों में से एक डॉक्टर और one hospital bed per 1,826 Indians.

Covid-19, Global Case Fatality Rates (CFR)

Case Fatality Rates (CFR)  होता है (Confirmed deaths) / (Confirmed cases) अगर हम अभी global  CFR  देखें तो 4.3%  आता हैं लेकिन फिर भी विशेषज्ञ इसे 2.2 % ही मानते हैं. इसका सबसे पड़ा कारण है विभिन्न देशों का भौगोलिक और सामजिक स्थितियाँ  या कल्चर साथ ही साथ वहां की स्वस्थ विभाग। 

जैसे की CHINA का CFR 4.0, IRAN CFR 7.7, GERMANY CFR  0.378,USA CFR 1.3, PAKISTAN CFR 0.75, INDIA CFR 1.88, RUSSIYA CFR 0.27  जिसमें  बहुत ही ज्यादा विभिन्नता है अतः Global CFR 2.3% ही माना गया है. नीचे के ग्राफ में आप प्रत्येक देश का CFR (%) में देख सकते हैं। 

CFRs by age were

Age (deaths/cases)CFR (95%CI)
<= 9years (0/416)0%
10 to 19 years (1/549) 0.18% (0.03 to 1.02%)
20 to 49 years (65/19795)0.32% (0.25 to 0,41%)
50 to 59 years (130/10,008)1.3% (1.1% to 1.5%)
60 to 69. years (309/8583)3.6% (3.2% to 4.0%)
70 to 79 years (312/3918)8.0% (7.2% to 8.9%)
≥80 years (208/1408)14.8% (13.0% to 16.7%)

Patients with comorbid conditions had much higher CFR rates:

Condition*CFR
Cardiovascular disease10.5%
Diabetes7.3%
Chronic respiratory disease6.3%
Hypertension6.0%
Cancer5.6%
No comorbidities0.9%

* गंभीर मामलों में 49.0% सीएफआर था, हल्के या गंभीर लक्षणों वाले लोगों में कोई मौत नहीं हुई।

Pathogenicity and Transmissibility Characteristics of Recently Emerged Viruses in Relation to Outbreak Containment.

VirousCFR(%)PandemicContained
COVID-19Unknown*YesNo, efforts ongoing
pH1N10.02-0.4YesNo, post pandemic circulation and establishment in human population
H7N939NoNo, eradication efforts in poultry reservoir ongoing
NL63UnknownUnknownNo, endemic in human population
SARS-CoV 9.5YesYes, eradicated from intermediate animal reservoir
MERS-CoV34.4NoNo, continuous circulation in animal reservoir and zoonotic spillover
Ebola Virus (West Africa)63NoYes

How to Protect Yourself

Know How it Spreads

  • There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
  • The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.
  • The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person.
    • Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
    • Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
  • These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.

Clean your hands often

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
  • If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.

Avoid close contact

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick
  • Put distance between yourself and other people if COVID-19 is spreading in your community. This is especially important for people who are at higher risk of getting very sick.

Take steps to protect others

Stay home if you’re sick

  • Stay home if you are sick, except to get medical care.

Cover coughs and sneezes

  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow.
  • Throw used tissues in the trash.
  • Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not readily available, clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.

Wear a facemask if you are sick

  • If you are sick: You should wear a facemask when you are around other people (e.g., sharing a room or vehicle) and before you enter a healthcare provider’s office. If you are not able to wear a facemask (for example, because it causes trouble breathing), then you should do your best to cover your coughs and sneezes, and people who are caring for you should wear a facemask if they enter your room.
  • If you are NOT sick: You do not need to wear a facemask unless you are caring for someone who is sick (and they are not able to wear a facemask). Facemasks may be in short supply and they should be saved for caregivers.

Clean and disinfect

  • Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
  • If surfaces are dirty, clean them: Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.
(source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prepare/prevention.html)
COVID-19
स्रोत WHO http://bit.ly/who-covid19-whatsapp

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