UNITED_NATIONS

united nations ( UN )

united nations ( UN ) संयुक्त राष्ट्र संघ

united nations ( UN ) संयक्त राष्ट्र संघ की स्थापना 2nd world war (  द्वितीय विश्वयुद्ध ) के बाद हुआ।
1st world war : – 28 Jul 1914 – 11 Nov 1918
2nd world war : – 1 Sep 1939 – 2 Sep 1945
Atom bomb attack on japan : –
Hiroshima :- 6 August 1945
Nagasaki : –  9 August 1945,
united nation ( UN ) : – 24 October 1945

• United Nations (UN) Charter signed
26 June 1945 
• Charter entered into force
24 October 1945

united nation ( UN ) संयुक्त राष्ट्र संघ के निर्माण में अमेरिका के राष्ट्रपति  Franklin Delano Roosevelt ( FDR ) ( March 4, 1933 – April 12, 1945 ) और Harry S. Truman ( April 12, 1945 – January 20, 1953  ) का महत्वपूर्ण योगदान रहा।

 Headquarters:- New York, New York, United States
Official languages:- Arabic; Chinese; English; French; Rusian; Spanish;
Founded:- 24 October 1945, San Francisco, California, United States

united nations ( UN ) के चार महत्वपूर उद्देश्य

UN का चार महत्वपूर्ण उद्येश्य निम्नलिखित हैं : -
  • To maintain peace around the world;
  • To develop friendly relations between nations;
  • To help nations work together to improve the lives of the poor, conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy and encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms;
  • To be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals
  • दुनिया भर में शांति बनाए रखने के लिए;
  • राष्ट्रों के बीच मैत्रीपूर्ण संबंध विकसित करने के लिए;
  • राष्ट्रों को गरीबों के जीवन को बेहतर बनाने, भूख, बीमारी और अशिक्षा को जीतने और एक दूसरे के अधिकारों और स्वतंत्रता के लिए सम्मान को प्रोत्साहित करने के लिए मिलकर काम करने में मदद करने के लिए;
  • इन लक्ष्यों को प्राप्त करने के लिए राष्ट्रों के कार्यों के सामंजस्य के लिए एक केंद्र होना

permanent members in UN

United Nation में 5 स्थाई सदस्य है : – 
China,
France,
Russian Federation,
The United Kingdom, and 
The United States,

non-permanent members in UN

UN में 10 Non-Permanent ( अस्थाई ) सदस्य का चुनाव the General Assembly के द्वारा 2 सालों के लिए किया जाता है। जैसे :-

  • Belgium (2020)
  • Dominican Republic (2020)
  • Estonia (2021)
  • Germany (2020)
  • Indonesia (2020)
  • Niger (2021)
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2021)
  • South Africa (2020)
  • Tunisia (2021)
  • Viet Nam (2021)

total members of UNO (united nations organization )

UNO के total सदस्य देशों की संख्या 195 है जिसमें 2 non-member observer states. हैं। 
last added country :- 193rd country  south sudan ( 2011 )

united nations country

non-member observer states.: –
the Holy See and the State of Palestine
Rest  country :-

no CountryContinent
1AfghanistanAsia
2AlbaniaEurope
3AlgeriaAfrica
4AndorraEurope
5AngolaAfrica
6Antigua and BarbudaNorth America
7ArgentinaSouth America
8ArmeniaAsia
9AustraliaOceania
10AustriaEurope
11AzerbaijanAsia
12BahrainAsia
13BangladeshAsia
14BarbadosNorth America
15BelarusEurope
16BelgiumEurope
17BelizeNorth America
18BeninAfrica
19BhutanAsia
20BoliviaSouth America
21Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope
22BotswanaAfrica
23BrazilSouth America
24BruneiAsia
25BulgariaEurope
26Burkina FasoAfrica
27BurundiAfrica
28CambodiaAsia
29CameroonAfrica
30CanadaNorth America
31Cape VerdeAfrica
32Central African RepublicAfrica
33ChadAfrica
34ChileSouth America
35ChinaAsia
36ColombiaSouth America
37ComorosAfrica
38Costa RicaNorth America
39CroatiaEurope
40CubaNorth America
41CyprusAsia
42Czech RepublicEurope
43DenmarkEurope
44DjiboutiAfrica
45DominicaNorth America
46Dominican RepublicNorth America
47East TimorAsia
48EcuadorSouth America
49EgyptAfrica
50El SalvadorNorth America
51Equatorial GuineaAfrica
52EritreaAfrica
53EstoniaEurope
54EthiopiaAfrica
55FijiOceania
56FinlandEurope
57FranceEurope
58GabonAfrica
59GeorgiaAsia
60GermanyEurope
61GhanaAfrica
62GreeceEurope
63GrenadaNorth America
64GuatemalaNorth America
65GuineaAfrica
66Guinea-BissauAfrica
67GuyanaSouth America
68HaitiNorth America
69Holy See (Observing Member)Europe
70HondurasNorth America
71HungaryEurope
72IcelandEurope
73IndiaAsia
74IndonesiaAsia
75IranAsia
76IraqAsia
77IrelandEurope
78IsraelAsia
79ItalyEurope
80Ivory CoastAfrica
81JamaicaNorth America
82JapanAsia
83JordanAsia
84KazakhstanAsia
85KenyaAfrica
86KiribatiOceania
87KuwaitAsia
88KyrgyzstanAsia
89LaosAsia
90LatviaEurope
91LebanonAsia
92LesothoAfrica
93LiberiaAfrica
94LibyaAfrica
95LiechtensteinEurope
96LithuaniaEurope
97LuxembourgEurope
98MacedoniaEurope
99MadagascarAfrica
100MalawiAfrica
101MalaysiaAsia
102MaldivesAsia
103MaliAfrica
104MaltaEurope
105Marshall IslandsOceania
106MauritaniaAfrica
107MauritiusAfrica
108MexicoNorth America
109MicronesiaOceania
110MoldovaEurope
111MonacoEurope
112MongoliaAsia
113MontenegroEurope
114MoroccoAfrica
115MozambiqueAfrica
116MyanmarAsia
117NamibiaAfrica
118NauruOceania
119NepalAsia
120NetherlandsEurope
121New ZealandOceania
122NicaraguaNorth America
123NigerAfrica
124NigeriaAfrica
125North KoreaAsia
126NorwayEurope
127OmanAsia
128PakistanAsia
129PalauOceania
130PanamaNorth America
131Papua New GuineaOceania
132ParaguaySouth America
133PeruSouth America
134PhilippinesAsia
135PolandEurope
136PortugalEurope
137QatarAsia
138RomaniaEurope
139RussiaEurope
140RwandaAfrica
141Saint Kitts and NevisNorth America
142Saint LuciaNorth America
143Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesNorth America
144SamoaOceania
145San MarinoEurope
146Sao Tome and PrincipeAfrica
147Saudi ArabiaAsia
148SenegalAfrica
149SerbiaEurope
150SeychellesAfrica
151Sierra LeoneAfrica
152SingaporeAsia
153SlovakiaEurope
154SloveniaEurope
155Solomon IslandsOceania
156SomaliaAfrica
157South AfricaAfrica
158South KoreaAsia
159South SudanAfrica
160SpainEurope
161Sri LankaAsia
162State of Palestine (Observing Member)Asia
163SudanAfrica
164SurinameSouth America
165SwazilandAfrica
166SwedenEurope
167SwitzerlandEurope
168SyriaAsia
169TajikistanAsia
170TanzaniaAfrica
171ThailandAsia
172The BahamasNorth America
173The Democratic Republic of the CongoAfrica
174The GambiaAfrica
175The Republic of the CongoAfrica
176TogoAfrica
177TongaOceania
178Trinidad and TobagoNorth America
179TunisiaAfrica
180TurkeyAsia
181TurkmenistanAsia
182TuvaluOceania
183UgandaAfrica
184UkraineEurope
185United Arab EmiratesAsia
186United KingdomEurope
187United StatesNorth America
188UruguaySouth America
189UzbekistanAsia
190VanuatuOceania
191VenezuelaSouth America
192VietnamAsia
193YemenAsia
194ZambiaAfrica
195ZimbabweAfrica

the united nations system

united nations ( UN ) principal organs

  • 1. the General Assembly,(GA/UNGA)
    first President of the General Assembly of the United Nations : – MrPaul-Henri Spaak
    2. Security Council, 
    The first presidency of the United Nations Security Council :- Norman Makin
    The presidency rotate every month 
    3. Economic and Social  Council (ECOSOC),
    first Presidents of the Economic and Social Council :- Arcot Ramasamy Mudaliar
    4. Trusteeship Council, 
    5. International Court of Justice (ICJ), and
    6. the UN Secretariat,
    First Secretary-General of United Nations :-  Gladwyn Jebb

The specialized agencies of the united nations (UN)

WHO

WHO :-  world health organization 
Headquarters:- Switzerland Geneva
Established :- 1948
first Director-General:-  Dr George Brock Chisholm 
work:- UN के सभी देशों  का रहन -सहन , खान – पान , स्वास्थ्य और स्वास्थ्य  सुविधाओं को देखना। 

WTO

WTO :- The World Trade Organization
Headquarters:- Geneva, Switzerland
Founded:- 1 January 1995
Parent organization :- United Nations Economic and Social Council
first Director-General: Peter Sutherland

WTO/UNWTO

WTO/UNWTO:- World Tourism Organization
Headquarters location :- Madrid, Spain
Founded :- 1 November 1974
Parent organization :- United Nations Economic and Social Council

first Secretary-General:- Robert Lonati

UNICEF

UNICEF : –   United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
Headquarters :- New York, United States
Founded :- 11 December 1946
Parent organizations :- United Nations General Assembly, United Nations Economic and Social Council
First  Executive Director :-  Maurice Pate

UNDP

UNDP :- United Nations Development Program
Headquarters :- New York, United States
Founded :- 22 November 1965, United States
Parent organization :- United Nations Economic and Social Council
First administrator :- Paul G. Hoffman

IMF

IMF :- International Monetary Fund
Formation : – 27 December 1945 ( established in 1944 )
Headquarters :- Washington, D.C.
Parent organization‎ : –United Nations Economic and Social Council
Founders :- John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White

IAEA

IAEA :-  International Atomic Energy Agency
Headquarters :- Vienna, Austria
Founded :- 29 July 1957( approved on 23 October 1956 and came into force on 29 July 1957 )
first Director General :- William Sterling Cole
Membership :- 171 Member States
reports to  : – security council and the general assembly (GA)

CTBTO

CTBTO : – The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
Headquarters location: Vienna, Austria
Founded :- 19 November 1996
First Executive Secretary :- Wolfgang Hoffmann (Germany)
Members :- 184
Latest state :- Tuvalu
reports to  : – the general assembly (GA)

OPCW

OPCW : – Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
Founded :- 29 April 1997
Headquarters :- The Hague, Netherlands
Member States :-  193 
First director general : – Jose Mauricio Bustani
reports to  : – the general assembly (GA)

UNESCO

UNESCO :- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Headquarters : –
Paris, France
Founded :- 16 November 1945 (Formation 4 November 1946 )
Parent organization :- United Nations Economic and Social Council
Member states : – 193 
first Director-Genera : – Julian Huxley (United Kingdom) 1946 – 1948

Websitewww.unesco.org

ILO

ILO : –  International Labour Organization
Headquarters :- Geneva, Switzerland
Founded :- 1919
Parent organizations :- United Nations General Assembly, United Nations Economic and Social Council
Total members : – 187 (India – Member since 28.06.1919)
First Director :-  Albert Thomas (France) 1919-1932

UNEP

UNEP :- United Nations Environmental Programme
Headquarters :-
Nairobi, Kenya
Formation ‎:- ‎5 June 1972
First head :- Maurice Strong (canada)

UNHRC

UNHRC :- United Nations Human Rights Council
Headquarters :- Geneva, Switzerland
Founded :- 15 March 2006
Parent organization :- United Nations General Assembly
First president :- Luis Alfonso de Alba (Mexico)
Total members :- 47 elected for  three-year term(तीन वर्षो के लिए चुना जाता है )

  • 13 – African Group
  • 13 – Asia-Pacific Group
  • 6 – Eastern European Group
  • 8 – Latin American and Caribbean Group
  • 7 – Western European and Others Group

UNHCR

UNHCR :-  United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Headquarters :- Geneva, Switzerland
Founded :- 14 December 1950
Parent organization :- United Nations General Assembly
First high commissioner : –  Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart (Netherlands)

WBG

WBG :- World Bank Group
Headquarters :- Washington, D.C., United States
Membership :- 189 countries
Parent organization :- United Nations Economic and Social Council
Founded :- 1944
First president of world bank group :- Eugene Meyer (United States)

world bank group has five institutions

IBRD :- International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Founded :- 1944
Membership :- 189 countries
Parent organization :- World Bank Group

IDA :- International Development Association
Headquarters location :-  Washington, D.C., United States
Founded :-
24 September 1960
Membership :-
173 countries

7 thoughts on “united nations ( UN )”

  1. Very good initiative….bt describe the journey of it s growing challenges,role during cold war…and overall difficulties facing by this institution in modern phases on one to one basis…

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